Behaviour For Learning Policy

Principles

To promote a positive culture and climate that fully supports safety, wellbeing and progress for all.

Purpose

To provide a consistent and systematic framework for managing behaviour in order to ensure that all learners at Newman College have the opportunity to achieve ‘Dignity and Excellence’.

Process

  • Outline the systems and processes to be implemented in dealing with incidents of negative behaviour.
  • Outline the systems of support for improving behaviour.
  • Outline systems of positive recognition and celebration of positive behaviour.

Newman Way: Right time, Right Place, Right Thing

The college 3R strategy (Right Time, Right Place, Right Thing) is the foundation for developing positive learning behaviours in students. Details of the strategy are shared with students at the start of each academic year and revisited regularly at key points in the year (see Appendix A).

Positive Recognition

Positive recognition of good behaviour and celebration of achievement are amongst the most powerful aids to teaching, learning, maintaining high standards of behaviour and fostering a positive school culture and climate. A college community built on the foundation of positive recognition will be far more successful, motivating and inspiring than one driven by consequences.

It is the duty of all staff to expect all students to do the right thing in all aspects of college life and in turn reward them for doing so consistently. Positive recognition should not be limited to behaviour but encompass a far wider remit including; behaviour, achievement, learning and progress, effort, uniform, attendance, punctuality and effective citizenship.

The college implements a wide variety of positive recognition for students including verbal praise, written praise in books and planners, praise postcards, positive phone calls home, letters home, MyEd messages, certificates, achievement points, rewards assemblies and celebration events.

Celebration assemblies are held once per term. Students are rewarded for achievement, effort, progress, attendance and attitude to learning. Additionally, students are recognised for their commitment to the values of the college through the ‘College Value’ awards.

Rewards events and trips are held termly. Students who meet the necessary criteria of 95% attendance or above, less than 5 negative behaviour codes and higher than year group average ATL scores will be eligible for these events and trips. Under the requirement of the Equality Act 2010 and SEND Code of Practice, reasonable adjustments will be made for students with additional needs and these will be determined at an individual student level through discussions with students and parents.

Sanctions and Consequences

‘Behaviour for Learning’ is about developing skills in students to support them in effectively managing their own behaviour in order to learn, achieve and make a positive contribution to the wider college community. Sanctions and consequences have a part to play in reinforcing boundaries and expectations of behaviour.

Sanctions and consequences implemented by the college include; verbal reprimands, on call/exit system, behaviour points, detentions, Internal Exclusion Centre, letters of concern to parents, enforced placements, fixed term exclusions and permanent exclusion.

Verbal reprimands: The Chance, Choice, Consequence (CCC) system is used as the foundation for managing behaviour within the classroom. The CCC system (outlined in Appendix B) is based on two formal verbal reprimands being given to students to provide them with the opportunity to modify their behaviour prior to any sanction being implemented.

On call/exit system: where the CCC system has been implemented and exhausted OR there is a serious breach of the college behaviour for learning policy the class teacher will summon support via the on call system. For incidents where the CCC system has been exhausted the intention is that the student will be returned to the lesson (with agreement from the class teacher) if they agree to modify their behaviour and meet classroom expectation. In the case of a serious incident, the student will be removed from the lesson and placed into isolation.

Behaviour points: on occasions where a student’s behaviour fails to meet expected standards, either within or outside of the classroom, a relevant behaviour code will be recorded.

Detentions: the college detention system is summarised in Appendix C. The college has the legal power to place students in detention outside of college hours. Whilst there is not a legal requirement for the college to inform parents of any detention, in the interests of student safety the college will notify parents of any detention occurring outside of the hours 9.00am to 3.15PM. The college maintains the right to issue detentions outside of college hours even in cases where parents are not in agreement. Where a student fails to attend a detention for any reason, the sanction will be escalated.

Internal Exclusion Centre (IEC): in response to serious incidents or as part of the BfL escalation of response, students may be placed into the IEC for one or more days. The IEC operates different college timings dependent on the reason why the student has been placed there. Where timings of the day are different to those of the college, parents will receive prior notification.

Enforced placements: as an alternative to fixed term exclusion or in response to repeated breaches of the college behaviour policy, a student will be expected to attend the internal exclusion centre of another local school. Where a student fails to attend this enforced placement a formal fixed term exclusion will be instigated.

Fixed term exclusions: in response to a serious breach or repeated breaches of the college behaviour policy a fixed period exclusion may be put in place. The college can implement one or more fixed period exclusions for any student up to a maximum of 45 days in one academic year. A reintegration meeting is held with the student, parent or parent representative and a member of the senior leadership team following any fixed term exclusion. The student must then complete an IEC placement where they must meet all expectations prior to them re-joining mainstream, lessons. For students with additional needs, reasonable adjustments will be made to this system as relevant to the needs of the student.

Permanent exclusions: Newman RC College is an inclusive school. However, on rare occasions the college may have exhausted all possible support strategies and sanctions available to support students in modifying their behaviour. The Headteacher and Governors may take the decision to permanently exclude a student in response to a serious breach, or persistent breaches of the school’s behaviour policy AND where the student’s behaviour is such that allowing them to remain in the college would seriously harm the education or welfare of the student or others in the college.

BfL Escalation of Response

Behaviour codes are monitored weekly by Form Tutors, Year Leaders and Senior Leaders. As behaviour codes are accrued by students, a range of actions, support strategies and consequences are implemented. Details of the escalation of response are summarised in Appendix D.

Support for Behaviour

In line with the College’s inclusion agenda it is acknowledged that some students may need additional short or long term additional support to encourage them to make positive choices with regard to their behaviour.

Pastoral/Nurture provision: students who require support for their behaviour will receive nurture provision either on a one to one or small group basis via their Pastoral Co-ordinator or Year Leader.

Report cards: students are placed on report in response to the number of behaviour incidents accrued. There is a staged system of report cards in response to the BfL escalation of response. Students must take responsibility for their completion by teachers in lessons and reporting to the relevant member of staff for their report card to be checked daily. Parents are notified when their child is placed on report and the college request that parents also check this daily throughout the duration of the report.

Parental meetings: a parental meeting will be required in response to a one off serious breach of the behaviour for learning policy or as part of the BfL escalation of response. A formal record is made of the meeting including improvement targets set, support to be provided by the college and what support is required from parents.

The Link: students can access one to one and small group targeted provision for improving behaviour in The Link centre. Students are withdrawn from one or more lessons to order to provide more intensive behaviour and mentoring support to address specific areas of difficulty. In Year11, a small number of students will have full time Link provision.

Team Around the Child (TAC): students requiring additional bespoke support for behaviour will be referred by the Year Leader to the TAC panel where appropriate sources of either internal or external support will be agreed. The impact of this support will be regularly monitored through TAC until such time that support is proving to have impact and support can be stepped down or withdrawn.

Pastoral Support Plans (PSPs): this is a formal plan drawn up through collaboration between student, parent and Year Leader. The plan outlines a student’s main strengths, areas of difficulty and strategies to support the young person in improving their behaviour. The plan is implemented over a 12 week period with a review after 6 weeks.

Managed Moves: the college adheres to the Local Authority arrangement for Managed Moves. This is when a student is dual registered at the college and another local school where they attend for a 12 week period. If successful the student may be taken onto the permanent roll of the receiving school. Managed Moves can only be arranged if parents are in agreement.

Governor’s Behaviour Panel: There may be occasions when it is necessary to ask students and their parents to appear before a Governor’s Discipline Committee. This will be in response to a very serious incident, repeated persistently disruptive behaviour or when a student is deemed to be at risk of possible permanent exclusion.

Reasonable Adjustments

The College is aware of the statutory requirements placed upon them to make ‘reasonable adjustments’ to practice and policy for students with a disability as per the requirements of the Equality Act 2010. The college also takes into account any special educational need that a student may have when considering responses to any behaviour incidents. In all relevant cases the college will consider each incident on an individual basis in order to determine if the incident is attributable to the student’s special educational need or disability. This will be done in liaison with the college SENCO (Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator). When necessary ‘reasonable adjustments’ will be made to how the incident is dealt with and what actions or consequences are implemented as a result.

The college will also take into consideration necessary reasonable adjustments required when determining criteria for any positive reward events such as end of term and end of year rewards trips. When making required adjustments to this criteria this will be undertaken in full consultation with relevant college staff including Year Leader and SENCO, the student and the parent/s.

Anti-Bullying Policy

Newman RC College has a zero tolerance approach to bullying of any kind. The Anti-Bullying policy clearly outlines procedures for how a student or parent can report an incident of bullying and how these will be addressed by the college.

Use of Reasonable Force and Physical Restraint

The college fully adheres to the DfE guidelines ‘Use of Reasonable Force: Advice for Head Teachers, staff and governing bodies (2013)’ The term ‘reasonable force’ covers a broad range of actions that involve a degree of physical contact with the student. Reasonable force will be used as an absolute last resort when all other de-escalating, defusing and diverting techniques have been exhausted or are judged to be ineffective or inappropriate or where a student is in significant danger of harming themselves, others or property. The use of force is reasonable if it is appropriate to the consequence it is intended i.e. the degree of force used should be no more than is needed to achieve the desired result in safeguarding the student/s and preventing harm. The term ‘restraint’ is typically used in extreme circumstances to prevent a student who is in danger of seriously harming themselves or others.

All members of school staff have a legal power to use reasonable force under section 93 of the Education Inspection Act 2006. School staff have the power to use force and lawful use of the power will provide a defence to any related criminal prosecution or legal action.

The decision on whether or not to use ‘reasonable force or physical restraint’ is down to the professional judgement of the staff member and should always depend on the individual circumstances of the incident. Any action taken by staff must be ‘reasonable in circumstance’ meaning using no more force than is necessary to achieve the desired outcome. Staff will always try to avoid acting in a way that may cause injury but in rare and extreme cases it may not always be possible to avoid injuring the student.

If reasonable force or restraint is used it will be recorded and reported as a matter of urgency to the Safeguarding Officer or a member of the Senior Leadership Team. Any injuries incurred by the student will also be reported to the designated Safeguarding Officer immediately in addition to summoning for First Aid for the student concerned. The member of staff using restraint/reasonable force will complete a written record and submit it to Senior Leadership. The student will be given the option/opportunity to submit a statement of their account of the incident. Staff will also record any injuries they have sustained as a result of using reasonable force/restraint in addition to seeking first aid treatment for themselves.

The Safeguarding Officer will take responsibility for ensuring that parents of the student are informed that reasonable force/restraint has been used in respect of their child. The following will be communicated to the parent/s:

  • Account of what happened
  • Why reasonable force or restraint was used
  • Detail of any injuries sustained by the child no matter how minor
  • Confirm and give details of any first aid treatment given to their child
  • Invite parent to come into college to collect their child if they wish to do so
  • Provide a written copy of the Incident Report Form

The College have a number of staff who have completed the ‘Team Teach’ training which aims to ‘support teaching, learning and caring, by increasing staff confidence and competence, in responding to behaviours that challenge, whilst promoting and protecting positive relationships.’ This training is reviewed annually with additional staff undertaking training as necessary.

Searching, screening and confiscation

The college protocols for searching, screening and confiscation of prohibited and banned items are fully compliant with statutory guidance ‘Searching, screening and confiscation: Advice for headteachers, school staff and governing bodies’ (January 2018). Protocols can be found in Appendix E.

Behaviour to and from College

On their journey to and from college, students are representing the college and high standards of behaviour are expected whether walking or using any form of public transport. Newman College staff are on duty before and after college to ensure the safe boarding and disembarking of students from and onto buses. If an incident of poor behaviour whilst travelling to and from college is reported it will be given full investigation as per any other behaviour incident occurring in college. When necessary an appropriate sanction will be implemented for those students engaging in poor behaviour whilst travelling to and from college. This may include refusing travel on the bus either temporarily or permanently in the interests of the safety and wellbeing of other students.

Use of Electronic Devices

The College acknowledges that parents may wish their child to bring a mobile phone to college for use on the way to and from college. Whilst on the college premises there is a zero tolerance approach to the use of mobile phones. If a student is using their mobile phone on college premises it will be confiscated and held until the parent comes into college to collect it. More details are available in the mobile phone policy. All other portable electronic devices such as ipads, tablets, ipods are not to be used and must not be brought into college under any circumstances.

Allegations made against staff

Allegations made against members of staff will be taken very seriously. Any allegation made will be treated confidentially, with fairness and consistency ensuring a balance of support for the student and for the member of staff who is the subject of the allegation. Allegations made against staff will be handled by a member of the Senior Leadership Team with the necessary support from the Local Authority and Unions when necessary.

APPENDIX A: Right Time, Right Place, Right Thing

APPENDIX B: Chance, Choice, Consequence

For the majority of students it will be enough to provide a gentle reminder, prompt or ‘look’ for any off task behaviour. However, where this fails then the formal CCC system needs to be implemented as below:
CHANCEStudent is not responsive to gentle reminders/prompts and continues to be off task and cause low level disruption:
  • First formal verbal warning to be given
  • Teacher to make explicit to the student the required expected outcome
  • A brief (but reasonable) interval of time should be given to allow the student to demonstrate the expected outcome

CHOICE

Student fails to demonstrate the expected outcome and continues to disrupt learning:
  • A reminder should be given as to the expected outcomes
  • A second formal warning to be issued
  • Student needs to be instructed that continued non-compliance will result in a consequence being implemented.
  • The student now has a choice – modify their behaviour or be prepared to accept the class teacher consequence.

CONSEQUENCE

Student fails to demonstrate the expected outcomes and continues to disrupt learning.
  • The teacher informs the student that a consequence will now be implemented.
  • Negative behaviour is to be recorded in SIMs at the earliest opportunity.

NB The consequence at this stage IS NOT an exit from lesson. The consequence is to be determined by the class teacher as appropriate – change of seat, break/lunchtime detention, phone call home etc.

APPENDIX C: Detention System

Class Teacher detentions:

  • It is the responsibility for class teachers to issue a class teacher detention in response to all incidents occurring in their lesson (that have not resulted in an exit from lesson).
  • Class teacher detentions can take place during break, lunchtime or after college (for which 24 hours prior notice is required for parents).
  • Class teachers must ensure that these detentions are logged in SIMs under the relevant behaviour code.
  • If a student fails to attend then this must be recorded using the ‘failed class teacher’ behaviour code and a faculty detention issued.

Faculty detentions:

  • Faculty detentions will take place on Mondays from 15:15 to 16:00 hours.
  • Faculty detentions are only permissible for the codes ‘failed class teacher detention’ or ‘exited from lesson’ codes.
  • Teaching staff will supervise faculty detentions.
  • Students will be informed via form trays and via MyEd of their detention. They are expected to make their own way there.
  • Teaching staff will remind students of their detention during period 5 on the day of the detention.
  • Students who fail to attend a faculty detention or who fail to meet expectations of behaviour (including completion of set work) will have deemed to fail the detention and a senior leadership detention will be put in place as the escalated sanction.

Year Leader detentions:

  • Year Leader detentions are issued in response to behaviour incidents that occur outside of lessons including incidents that happen whilst travelling to and from college.
  • PACOs, Year Leaders, SLT and the Pastoral Manager may issue a pastoral detention in response to any incident referred to them when a detention is deemed to be the most appropriate sanction.
  • Pastoral detentions take place on Tuesday 15:15 to 16:00 and are led by the Year Leaders.
  • Students will be informed via form trays and via MyEd of their detention. They are expected to make their own way there.
  • Teaching staff will remind students of their detention during period 5 on the day of the detention.
  • Students who fail to attend a Year Leader detention or who fail to meet expectations of behaviour (including completion of set work) will have deemed to fail the detention and a senior leadership detention will be put in place as the escalated sanction.

Senior Leadership Team (SLT) detention:

  • SLT detentions can be issued by any member of the Senior Leadership Team, Year Leaders or the Pastoral Team Manager
  • SLT detentions take place on Friday from 15:15 to 16:15.
  • SLT detentions are supervised by senior leaders.
  • Students will be informed via form trays and via MyEd of their detention. They are expected to make their own way there.
  • Students will be reminded of their detention during period 5 on the day of their detention.
  • Students who fail to attend or who fail to meet expectations will receive an escalated sanction as appropriate to the individual student.

Saturday detention:

  • These can be issued by any members of the senior leadership team
  • Saturday detentions take place on Saturdays from 09:30 to 12:00am.
  • Students must wear full college uniform.
  • These are issued in response to a one off serious incident, as an alternative to fixed term exclusion or persistent breaches of the college behaviour policy.

Reasonable adjustments for students with complex needs:

  • Some students may find it difficult to comply with the expectations of a formal detention setting. These students will complete their faculty, pastoral or senior leadership detention in The Fold. The detention will focus on ensuring that the student is given the appropriate to support to revisit the incident which led to the detention being issued and to discuss ‘coping strategies’ for any future similar incidents. Staff who have issued the detention are strongly encouraged to be a part of this process and should liaise with P.Collinge and S.Foy accordingly.

Detentions for students in ‘The Link’:

  • Students who are receiving support in The Link will complete their detentions as part of their provision within the Link centre and as such will not be present in Faculty or Year Leader detentions. However, students will be a part of any senior leadership detentions as appropriate.

APPENDIX D: BfL Escalation of Response

Number of pointsRequired actionResponsibility
5
  • Phone call home to raise concern

Form Tutor

10

  • Form tutor report card
  • Standard letter to be sent to inform parents (via admin)

20

  • Form tutor report to be continued
  • Form tutor to review behaviour and discuss further with parents via phone call or meeting.
  • Improvement targets to be agreed.
  • Phone call or meeting to be logged as an intervention in SIMs behaviour management.
30
  • PACO to arrange a parental meeting
  • PACO report card

PACO and Year Leader

40
  • Student to complete ‘Reflections’ program
  • Reflections report
  • TAC referral to be completed
60
  • Year Leader to arrange a parental meeting
  • Pastoral Support Plan to be drawn up and shared with student, parents and relevant staff.
80
  • Pastoral Manager parental meeting
  • Further support and intervention to be agreed personalised to the circumstances and needs of the student.

Pastoral Manager

100+
  • SLT parental meeting
  • Senior Leader, Headteacher and Governor’s Behaviour Panels
  • Potential Managed Move

Senior Leader

APPENDIX E Searching, screening and confiscation

  1. Searching

Reasons to search:

School staff can search a student for any item if the student agrees. Headteachers and staff authorised by them also have a statutory power to search students or their possessions, without consent, where they have reasonable grounds for suspecting that the student may have a prohibited item. Prohibited items are:

  • Knives or other weapons
  • Alcohol
  • Illegal drugs
  • Stolen items
  • Tobacco or cigarette papers
  • Fireworks
  • Pornographic images
  • Any article that the member of staff reasonably suspects has been, or is likely to be used to commit an offence or to cause personal injury to, or damage to the property of, any person (including the student).
  • any item banned by the college rules

Who can search?

At Newman College, the Headteacher authorises the following staff to conduct searches of students:

  • Any member of the Senior Leadership Team
  • Pastoral Team Manager
  • Learning Support Manager
  • Internal Exclusion Manager
  • Link Leader
  • Pastoral Co-ordinators
  • Year Leaders

Authorised staff receive annual training on procedures for carrying out searches, screening and confiscation. Training will also be undertaken following changes to any statutory powers and guidance.

Any member of college can witness a search as long as the search is conducted by an authorised member of staff.

Staff conducting the search will be the same sex as the student being searched. There will also be another member of staff to witness the search and if at all possible this will also be a member of staff of the same sex as the student being searched. Staff can carry out a search of a student of the opposite sex and without a witness present but only where they reasonably believe that there is a risk that serious harm will be caused to a person if the search is not conducted immediately and it is not practicable to summon another member of staff to witness the search.

The person conducting the search will not require the student to remove any clothing other than ‘outer clothing’ i.e. clothing that is not worn next to the skin. Hats, shoes, boots, gloves and scarves can be removed as part of the search.

The power to search without consent enables a personal search, involving removal of outer clothing and searching of pockets, but not an intimate search going further than that which only a person with more extensive powers (e.g. police officer) can do.

Student lockers and bags can be searched with or without the student’s consent where it is suspected that a prohibited item is contained within as long as the search is carried out by a member of staff authorised to conduct searches by the Headteacher.

  1. Confiscation

School staff can seize any prohibited item found as a result of a search. They can also seize any item, however found, which they consider harmful or detrimental to school discipline. Banned items in college include energy drinks and quantities of sweets, crisps, chocolate and snacks that are considered to be too large for the consumption of one student in a single school day.

Schools’ general power to discipline, as set out in Section 91 of the Education Inspections Act 2006, enables a member of staff to confiscate, retain or dispose of a student’s property as a disciplinary penalty, where reasonable to do so. Where any article is thought to be a weapon, illegal substance, stolen goods or pornographic images that are believed to contravene the law it will be passed to the police as soon as practicable.

  1. Obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
  • Under article 8, students have a right to expect a reasonable level of privacy
  • The right under article 8 is not absolute, it can be interfered with but any interference must be justified and proportionate
  • The powers to search in the Education Act are compatible with article 8.
  1. Screening

Staff can require students to undergo screening by a walk-through or hand held metal detector (arch or wand) even if they do not suspect them of having a weapon and without the consent of the students.

Statutory powers to make rules on student behaviour and the duty as an employer to manage the safety of staff, students and visitors enable the college to impose a requirement that students undergo screening at any time.

Any member of staff within the college can screen students but where possible the college will restrict screening to the list of staff authorised to search students.

If a student refuses to be screened, the college can refuse to have the student on the premises. Health and safety legislation requires a school to be managed in a way which does not expose students or staff to risks to their health and safety and this would include the screening of students.

If a student fails to comply and the college refuses to allow a student to remain in college as a result, the college will not have excluded the student and the student’s absence will be treated as unauthorised.

This type of screening, without physical contact, is not subject to the same conditions as apply to the powers of search without consent.

  1. Statutory guidance for dealing with electronic devices

Where a member of staff conducting a search finds an electronic device that is prohibited or they reasonably suspect has been, or likely to be, used to commit an offence or cause personal injury or damage to property, they may examine any data or files on the device where there is a good reason to do so. They may also delete data or files if they think there is a good reason to do so unless the intention is that the device will be handed to the police. There is no need to have either student or parent consent to search through a mobile phone in these circumstances. If it is believed that the device contains evidence related to an offence the phone will be passed to the police as soon as practicable. If the device does not contain material suspected to be evidence of an offence, data may still be deleted if it is in breach of school discipline. Where confiscation and examination of the device content leads to a suspicion of ‘sexting’ the phone will be retained and the incident reported immediately to the designated Safeguarding Officer.

  1. Location of searches and screening

Searches can only be carried out on the college premises, or if elsewhere, where the member of staff has lawful control or charge of the student, for example on college trips and visits or in any other location organised by the college.

Searches of bags and pockets can take place at any location within the college. Searches requiring the removal of any clothing or screening of students will take place either in the medical room, pastoral office, The Fold, The Link or offices of senior leaders. The exception to this will be where a student refuses or where there is a serious risk of harm to the student, other students or member of staff.

  1. Use of force

Members of staff can use such force as is reasonable given the circumstances when conducting a search for a prohibited item. Use of force cannot be used to search for items banned under the college rules.

  1. Informing Parents and Complaints

There is no legal requirement for parents or carers to be informed or consent to be given prior to a search or screening taking place.

The college will inform parents of searches if illegal substances or potentially harmful substances are found even though there is no legal requirement to do so.

Any complaint about screening or searching will be dealt with through the college complaints policy.

  1. Recording and monitoring of searching and screening undertaken

Whilst there is no legal requirement to do so, all searches and screenings of students are recorded on a ‘Record of a search or screening of a student’ proforma (see Appendix F). A central log of all searches and screenings will be kept. The searching and screening log will be monitored on a half termly basis and will be reported to Governors termly.

APPENDIX F Record of a search or screening of a student

Student name:

Gender: Male ☐ Female ☐
Date of search/screening:

Ethnicity:
What has taken place?

Search with consent ☐

Search without consent ☐

Screening ☐

Name of staff conducting the search/screening:

Name of staff witnessing the search/screening:

Location of the search/screening:

Reason for search:

Suspicion ☐

Specific intelligence received ☐

Brief explanation of why the search/screening was carried out:

What has been searched/screened?

Tick all that apply

Bag ☐ Blazer ☐ Locker ☐ Coat ☐ Pockets ☐ Shoes ☐

Other (please detail):

Were prohibited or banned items found during the search/screening? YES ☐ NO ☐
Details of prohibited or banned items found:

What has happened to these items?

Returned to parent ☐

Disposed of ☐

Passed to the police ☐

Details of any action taken following the search/screening:

Parents informed: YES ☐ NO ☐
Name of staff member completing this form and recording via the CPOMS System:

This form must be completed within 24 hours of a search or screening taken place and handed to A. Hodgin to be logged.